Types of plants classified by size, duration and characteristics
Types of plants classified by size, duration and characteristics
The types of plants are innumerable, and even today new species continue to be discovered. In order to know them, study them, know how to plant them or what care they require, it is important to order and classify them . In this article we explain different ways of classifying plants that exist, depending on their duration, their size or their reproductive cycle. In addition, we show you some of the most common types of plants that you can have and care for at home .
What types of plants are there?
The kingdom Plantae, made up of land plants and algae, is one of the most numerous. In fact, scientists estimate that it encompasses more than 350,000 species.
Plants are multicellular living beings , made up of eukaryotic plant cells , and are autotrophic ( they produce their own food through photosynthesis). But, apart from these common characteristics, they are very varied.
How can you make a classification of plants? It is possible to use different criteria and, based on these, there will be different classifications. Thus, they can be distinguished by their duration, their size, the care they require, their reproductive cycle… their size, the duration of their life cycle, their biological characteristics, the care they require…
Plant classes by sizes
Depending on the size of the plant, they are usually classified into four groups:
Its stems are very thin and flexible, and its duration is short. Despite this, they have a great capacity for adaptation, which is why they are plants that are widespread.
Its stem is woody, but low in height (it does not exceed 1 meter). They live several seasons.
With a woody stem, they have multiple roots and are taller than the bushes. They branch from the base, and are usually perennial.
It has a woody and tall trunk, which branches when it already has a certain elevation. Their life cycle is long, and they can live for several centuries .
Varieties of plants by duration
In general, there are three types of plants according to their duration: annual, biennial and perennial. Their characteristics are detailed below.
They are plants that live only for one season. Their life cycle is very fast: in general they are born, develop and flower during spring and summer, they produce their fruits at the end of the summer season or already in autumn and, in this same season or in winter, they die.
They are characterized by releasing many seeds to guarantee their survival . Annual plants include not only garden plants (such as wallflowers, poppies, housewarmings, and petunia, among many others), but also greens and vegetables (beans, peas, lentils, sunflowers) and wild herbs. Even weeds and so-called “weeds” fall into this category.
Biennial or biennial
As their name indicates, they live for two seasons: they spend the first one growing and developing, and in the second the flowers appear and then the fruits.
Also in this group there are floral plants (pansy, minutisa) and food (spinach, carrot, parsley), but it is the least numerous. There are some species that, depending on the climate, are biennial (if they are in a region where they suffer frost or snowfall) or perennial (in warmer climates).
Plants that live more than two seasons are called perennials or perennials. Although this denomination is used for small plants and shrubs, larger shrubs and trees are also part of this set. In general, they are resistant species, with a good capacity to resist adverse climates.
These plants are divided, in turn, into two groups:
- The evergreen: its leaves are maintained for several seasons. The use of the same adjective often leads to confusion, which is why it is preferable to call the evergreen plant “evergreen” or evergreen. Examples of perennials are the African daisy, milkweed, porcelain lily, and certain types of geraniums and forget-me- nots , plus, of course, all trees and shrubs.
- The deciduous: its leaves are renewed every year.
Examples of plants by reproduction and flowering
Plants without flowers or cryptogamous
The best known of non-flowering plants are mosses, ferns , and algae. In general, they inhabit forests and very humid places since their spores need water to reproduce.
Plants with flowers or phanerogams
Plants that have flowers are classified, in turn, into:
- Gymnosperms : they appeared 350 million years ago, and have roots, stems, leaves, and flowers, but no fruit. Its flowers have seeds that are inside a cone or cone. Some examples of this type of plants are pinaceae, cedars or cypresses .
- Angiosperms: are plants that have a root, stem, leaves, flowers and fruit. They reproduce by seeds that are inside the fruit. Among others, some of these plants are daisies, jasmine and rose bushes . And also other less showy ones such as wheat, barley or sugar cane.
Why does my plant have brown leaves? Causes and solutions
You could take the prize of father or mother plantile, there is no doubt about that. You pamper them and take care of them with all your love, but there are things that are unavoidable, such as brown leaves on the plants. Do you know why they appear? Discover the main causes and how to avoid them.
We don’t want to disparage anyone, but having plant-shaped roommates is another drag. They relax us, free us from stress and also renew our air. We could spend hours and hours describing all the benefits of plants at home , but you already know them very well.
Plants have no voice. Okay, it’s nothing I don’t know. But you know?
They do not need it, since they are able to communicate in other ways, for example, through their leaves. If you have come this far, it is because in one of your doses of care and pampering you have detected brown leaves on your plant . The first thing we are going to tell you is: calm down! There are many plants that can have brown leaves. The kentias, the monsteras , the syngonia are some examples. And the second thing is that if you keep reading you will be able to find out what your plant is telling you and how to fix it.
Brown leaves: main causes
Brown leaves due to lack of irrigation
Do you remember that we are made of 70% water? If we lack it, one of the main symptoms will be that our skin will begin to dry out. You know where we’re going, right? If your plant is thirsty, the brown leaves will appear and start to dry up.
Now, be very careful with this. Before starting to water as if there were no tomorrow, you have to take into account several things such as the type of irrigation and do the finger test. If after introducing it into the substrate approximately 2cm comes out clean, it will be time to water your plant.
Brown leaves due to lack of moisture
That thing about having jungles at home has become very fashionable. We love living in natural environments but we have to keep in mind that most indoor plants come from tropical environments. This means that, depending on the plant, it will need one degree or another of environmental humidity . Also, another thing that does not help at all to avoid brown leaves on plants are heating devices. In these cases the air becomes drier and can be very detrimental to your fellow plants.
Solution? Spray your plants several times a week. Do not drench them with water, a light spray will be more than enough and they will thank you forever.
Brown leaves from excessive sun
This is easy to identify. If you see that the appearance of the brown leaves of your plant are similar to burned edges , you have gone a bit too far in the sun. Indoor plants, like outdoor ones, need sun, but not direct or at least not too long.
Here the solution will be a change of place. Always keep in mind the type of light it needs and if it was in a place where the sun is too intense, move it a little further from the window
Leaves brown from age
Like us, plants and their leaves also age. If you have detected brown leaves , your plant may be super happy and these leaves have simply reached the end of their life. How to detect that this is what is happening to your plant? Normally it is usually the cause when the lower leaves or those furthest from the center are the ones that acquire that brown color. Little by little they get old and will end up dying, giving way to the new leaves.
5 Tips for caring for natural Flowers
Because we love them at the same time that they bring us upside down. There’s nothing like having natural flowers at home, right? But surely from time to time doubts have arisen about what is the best way to care for a bouquet of natural flowers in order to enjoy it a little more. Keep calm! We are here to tell you the most important steps to open precious.
So that you can enjoy bouquets of flowers at home for many days, we want to share 5 tips for taking care of natural flowers. Once you put them into practice there will be no stopping you! Flower that enters the house flower that will last and last.
How to care for a bouquet of natural flowers?
1. A little air for the flowers
The doorbell rings. A smile is drawn on your face. Yes, it’s your Colvin bouquet. Our commitment to quality means making sure your bouquet arrives perfect. Therefore, as soon as you open the box, you will see that your bouquet is well secured so that no movement can affect it and it is also wrapped in our kraft paper and a soaker to keep each of the stems well hydrated along the way. Once here, you will only have to give your flowers a little air. Keep in mind that they have gone all the way in their little box and need to breathe.
2. Cut the stems diagonally
Once you have removed the kraft paper and the soaker, it is time to cut the stems. Important not to go overboard with the scissors! You will only have to cut them about 2 fingers and diagonally. This will give them a boost of vitality and it will be much easier for them to drink water and stay hydrated.
3. Fresh water
Did you know that the vase and the water is something super important so that your bouquet of natural flowers lasts longer? Before placing the flowers in your favorite vase, remember to clean it well . This step will be vital so that the stems do not absorb substances that they should not. When you already have it shiny, fill it with water without it touching the flowers , covering the stems is more than enough.
4. It’s time for nutrients
Your bouquet of natural flowers will come well protected and comfortable in its box, but it will not arrive alone . It will be accompanied by 2 sachets of nutrients ready to make your life a little easier. These little packets make the flowers very happy and strong in an easy way: you just have to open the little bag and put it in the water.
Do you know that you can also make nutrients at home?
If you have followed all these steps and have also made sure that your bouquet of flowers is in the best possible environmental conditions, you may need extra nutrients to extend its life a little more. If you no longer have any bags left, we are going to give you super news: you can make them at home . And you will only need 3 ingredients that you surely have lying around: water, sugar and lemon.
5. Enjoy your bouquet of natural flowers!
The best moment of all has arrived. We know that you already had room for the bouquet thinking for several days. So all you have to do is place it there and see how the flowers open and become beautiful.
Different types of plants that you can have at home or in the garden
They are plants with a long and flexible stem, which entangles and climbs up different surfaces. You need a guide to grow. They can be slow or fast growing, and their leaves can be evergreen or deciduous. The best known are honeysuckle, jasmine, the vine with heart-shaped leaves, wisteria, bougainvillea…
Hydrophytic or macrophytic plants live partially or totally submerged in water . They adapt to various aquatic environments, from lakes to puddles. In addition to the water lily and the lotus flower , aquatic plants include the water hyacinth, callas, and sedges.
They store water in their leaves, which tend to be thick and fleshy. They live in climates where they don’t need a lot of water, and they need four to eight hours of sun each day. One of the best known succulents is Crassula ovata, the “money plant” , which attracts prosperity and luck to the home.
They are plants that give off an intense and pleasant smell , which can come from the leaves or the flowers. They are used to make perfumes, as medicinal remedies, and in cooking. Among the best known are rosemary, thyme, mint, oregano, lavender, parsley, sage…
Tuberous and bulbous plants are plants that have underground stems and store their nutrition underground. Some of the most beautiful flowers belong to these plants: tulips, daffodils, peonies, dahlias, lilies or gladioli are some examples.
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